Product Market (1950)
was mostly self-taught and his early work was influenced
largely by the contemporary Italian painters Afro
and Santomasso, the French painters Manessier and
Bissiere, and by da Silva. His serious interest
in painting started with an opportunity to live
in Europe for a year, during 1957.
was "stunned" by the stained glass in
the cathedrals of England, France, Belgium, Germany
and Italy, and by the vibrant contemporary art scene
so much a part of London, Copenhagen, Florence,
Zurich, and Paris.
It was late in 1957 that he painted the "The
Blue Hour", the work he regarded as the
real beginning of his painting.
On arriving home in 1958, he promptly fell ill with
hepatitis. To keep his spirits up, he did a number
of stained glass pieces, and then a series of paintings
characters or events, taken from the Old Testament.
Then came a series of large abstract
paintings. The works completed since 1957 served
as the basis for his 1961 show at the Stanford University